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Five Major Computing Disciplines

There are five different categories of computing disciplines.

· Computer Engineering
· Computer Science
· Information Systems
· Information Technology
· Software Engineering

Computer Engineering

Computer Engineering focuses on the design of the computer hardware and peripheral devices, often the chip level.
Students will learn how to design new computer circuits, microchips, and other electronic components. In addition, they will learn how to design a new computer instruction ses and combine electronic or optical components to provide powerful, cost-effective computing.

A degree in this major provides excellent qualifications for working at a chip manufacturer.


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Computer Science

Computer Science focuses on computer architecture and how to program computers to make them work effectively and efficiently.
Students investigate the fundamentals theories of how computers solve problems, and they learn how to write application programs, system software, computer languages, and device drivers.

Computer science graduates generally find jobs as programmers, software engineers, object/GUI developers, and project managers in technical applications development. Computer scientists work as theorists, inventors, and researchers in fields diverse as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and computer games.


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Information Systems

Information Systems degree programs are typically offered by a university's College of Business, focus in applying computers to business problems.
Most academic advisors recommend the information systems degree for students who want to become computer professionals but lack strong math aptitude.

This degree leads to a programming or technical support job, with good possibilities for advancement to systems analyst, project manager, database administrator, network manager, or other management positions.


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Information Technology

Information Technology degree programs focus on the computer equipment and software used by businesses and organizations-how they work, how they are secured, upgraded, maintained, and replaced.
Students in an IT program typically work hands-on with hardware, networks, Web pages, multimedia, e-mail systems, and security.

Students graduating from this degree usually work as network specialists and administrators, system analysts, and help desk technicians.


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Software Engineering

Software Engineering takes a discipline approach to developing sotware that is reliable, efficient, affordable, user-friendly, and scalable.
Students in this program usually include courses from Information Systems and Computer Science curricula.

Students graduating from this degree often work on large-scale, safety-critical applications.


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